Early Detection

What do normal Kidneys do?

  • Make urine
  • Remove wastes and extra fluid from blood
  • Control your body’s chemical balance
  • Help control your blood pressure
  • Help keep your bones healthy
  • Help you to make red blood cells

How common is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

1 in 10 persons are at risk of developing kidney disease.

How many patients with Chronic Kidney Disease are on dialysis?

Worldwide, the number receiving renal replacement therapy (RPT) is estimated at more than 1.4 million (Moeller, Gioberge & Brown, 2002) with an incidence growing rate by approximately 8% annually (Schieppati & Remuzzi, 2005).

DO NOT JOIN THIS GROWING NUMBER OF KIDNEY FAILURE PATIENTS. IN SOUTH AFRICA CKD PATIENTS ARE DECLINED THERAPY IN GOVERNMENT HOSPITALS IF THEY ARE NOT TRANSPLANTABLE.

How healthy are your kidneys? Questions to ask yourself?

  • Do I have high blood pressure?
  • Do I suffer from diabetes?
  • Do I have a family history of kidney disease?
  • Am I overweight?
  • Do I smoke?
  • Am I over 50 years old?

Risk factors for developing kidney disease:

  • Are you of African or Asian origin?
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
  • Inflammation (Glomerulonephritis)
  • Infection (Pyelonephritis)
  • Inherited Disorders (Polycystic Kidney Disease)
  • Longstanding blockage to urinary system (enlarge prostrate or kidney stones)
  • Analgesic abuse (longstanding use of pain killers e.g. Grandpa powder and non-steroidal inflammatory drugs e.g. Brufen)
  • In addition from South African context / the high incidence of HIV Positive patients and substance abuse e.g. Tik.

Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Disease:

Most people have no symptoms until CKD is advanced

Signs of advancing CKD include:

  • Swollen ankles
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Decreased appetite
  • Blood in the urine and foamy urine

Kidney Disease Preventative Measures:

  • Reduction of high blood pressure – the lower the blood pressure (within the normal range), the slower the Glomeruler Filtration Rate (kidney function) decline.
  • Taking specific medications to reduce proteinuria as well as lower blood pressure – angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs).
  • Reduce salt intake to lower blood pressure.
  • Control of blood sugar / cholesterol and anemia.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Increase the rate of physical exercise and activity.
  • Control of body weight / reduce obesity.
  • Visit your doctor yearly for screening and more frequently as prescribed by your doctor if you are diagnosed with risk factors for Kidney Disease.